The Think tank for International Forestry Issues
Vilken efterfråge- och utbudssituation kan svensk skogssektor tänkas möta i framtiden? I rapporten redovisas en förenklad analys på global nivå av framtida efterfrågan på och möjligt utbud av virkesråvara. Analysen byggs främst av sammanställd statistik, modeller av framtida möjlig efterfrågan och utbud samt diskussioner om väsentliga drivkrafter/faktorer.
Ten principles for a landscape approach to reconciling agriculture, conservation, and other competing land uses
“Landscape approaches” seek to provide tools and concepts for allocating and managing land to achieve social, economic, and environmental objectives in areas where agriculture, mining, and other productive land uses compete with environmental and biodiversity goals. Here we synthesize the current consensus on landscape approaches. This is based on published literature and a consensus-building process to define good practice and is validated by a survey of practitioners. We find the landscape approach has been refined in response to increasing societal concerns about environment and development tradeoffs. Notably, there has been a shift from conservation-orientated perspectives toward increasing integration of poverty alleviation goals. We provide 10 summary principles to support implementation of a landscape approach as it is currently interpreted. These principles emphasize adaptive management, stakeholder involvement, and multiple objectives. Various constraints are recognized, with institutional and governance concerns identified as the most severe obstacles to implementation. We discuss how these principles differ from more traditional sectoral and project-based approaches. Although no panacea, we see few alternatives that are likely to address landscape challenges more effectively than an approach circumscribed by the principles outlined here.
There are some positive signs of increasing global political commitment to forests in all regions of the world. The post-2015 IAF should build on the strengths and success of the current arrangement, address the weaknesses, and use the opportunities. It should aim to establish a strong forest stewardship role, mobilizing necessary actions and resources so that the importance of forests and trees is fully reflected in the sustainable development agenda at the global, regional, national, sub-national and local levels. The post-2015 IAF should also be able to promote implementation of sustainable management of all types of forests and trees outside forests. In this regard, the current IAF should be transformed into a more authoritative body to coordinate and steer the global forest agenda and to provide a global framework for SFM. The future IAF, with renewed commitment from all its members and associated parties, has the potential to achieve this: but it needs to be strengthened, for the sake of all who benefit, directly or directly, from the world’s forests.
Human influence is clear and recent anthropogenic emissions of greenhouse gases are the highest measured. Adaptation and mitigation options exist in all sectors, but effective adaptation and mitigation responses will depend on policies and measures across multiple scales. Läs vidare
Trees for Life takes the reader on a journey through the world of agroforestry: from the home gardens in Borneo to the well-wooded cattle pastures of Nicaragua; from the sand-swept parklands of Niger to the cocoa gardens of West Africa; from the palmeries of Amazonia to dairy farms that cling to the fl anks of Africa’s Rift Valley.
Agroforestry – the practice of growing trees on farms – provides a living for a sixth of humanity, and nearly all of us use and consume some of its goods and services. Ever-increasing numbers of farmers are planting trees to increase soil fertility and crop yields, restore degraded soils, sequester carbon and reduce erosion. Trees on farms provide a wide range of goods: from cash crops like coffee to vitamin-rich fruits; from animal fodder to fuelwood; from resins to medicines. For millions of people, agroforestry provides a signifi cant source of income and a pathway to prosperity. This is their story.
Enhancing the socioeconomic benefits from forests
Across the world, forests, trees on farms, and agroforestry systems play a crucial role in the livelihoods of rural people by providing employment, energy, nutritious foods and a wide range of other goods and ecosystem services. They have tremendous potential to contribute to sustainable development and to a greener economy. Yet, clear evidence of this has been lacking. This evidence is critical to inform policies on forest management and use, and to ensure that the benefi ts from forests are recognized in the post-2015 development agenda, not only with respect to the environment, but also for their contributions to broader social issues.
This edition of State of the World’s Forests addresses this knowledge gap by systematically gathering and analysing available data on forests’ contributions to people’s livelihoods, food, health, shelter and energy needs. Crucially, the report also suggests how information might be improved and policies adjusted, so that the socioeconomic benefits from forests can be enhanced in the future.
A report about opportunities and challenges for sustainable forest management – FAO FORESTRY PAPER 173
This report look at the reality of multiple-use forest management. It is based on case studies in the Amazon Basin, the Congo Basin and Southeast Asia, and a Web-based survey. The result shows that some patterns are global but that there are also regional peculiarities. This review gives new insights into how to improve multiple-use forest management plans and practices on the ground, and how to use the concept to promote stakeholder dialogue on a range of policy, institutional, technical and social issues.
The report is the product of a collaborative effort led by FAO and the Center for International Forestry research.