The Secretariat for International Forestry Issues
The increasingly recognised importance of forests and trees brings about new processes
The FAO report – State of the World’s Forests – systematically presents available data on forests’ contributions to people’s livelihoods, food, health, shelter and energy needs.
Trees for Life takes the reader on a journey through the world of agroforestry: from the home gardens in Borneo to the well-wooded cattle pastures of Nicaragua; from the sand-swept parklands of Niger to the cocoa gardens of West Africa; from the palmeries of Amazonia to dairy farms that cling to the fl anks of Africa’s Rift Valley.
Agroforestry – the practice of growing trees on farms – provides a living for a sixth of humanity, and nearly all of us use and consume some of its goods and services. Ever-increasing numbers of farmers are planting trees to increase soil fertility and crop yields, restore degraded soils, sequester carbon and reduce erosion. Trees on farms provide a wide range of goods: from cash crops like coffee to vitamin-rich fruits; from animal fodder to fuelwood; from resins to medicines. For millions of people, agroforestry provides a signifi cant source of income and a pathway to prosperity. This is their story.
Enhancing the socioeconomic benefits from forests
Across the world, forests, trees on farms, and agroforestry systems play a crucial role in the livelihoods of rural people by providing employment, energy, nutritious foods and a wide range of other goods and ecosystem services. They have tremendous potential to contribute to sustainable development and to a greener economy. Yet, clear evidence of this has been lacking. This evidence is critical to inform policies on forest management and use, and to ensure that the benefi ts from forests are recognized in the post-2015 development agenda, not only with respect to the environment, but also for their contributions to broader social issues.
This edition of State of the World’s Forests addresses this knowledge gap by systematically gathering and analysing available data on forests’ contributions to people’s livelihoods, food, health, shelter and energy needs. Crucially, the report also suggests how information might be improved and policies adjusted, so that the socioeconomic benefits from forests can be enhanced in the future.
A report about opportunities and challenges for sustainable forest management – FAO FORESTRY PAPER 173
This report look at the reality of multiple-use forest management. It is based on case studies in the Amazon Basin, the Congo Basin and Southeast Asia, and a Web-based survey. The result shows that some patterns are global but that there are also regional peculiarities. This review gives new insights into how to improve multiple-use forest management plans and practices on the ground, and how to use the concept to promote stakeholder dialogue on a range of policy, institutional, technical and social issues.
The report is the product of a collaborative effort led by FAO and the Center for International Forestry research.
Rapporten nedan bygger i huvudsak på projektarbeten gjorda av årskurs 2012/2014 som förberedelse till resan till Kina 2013. Rapporten ger en lättillgänglig bakgrundsinformation om Kinas kultur, ekonomi, politik, handel och företagande. I de därpå följande kapitlen redogörs för skogsresurser, mark- och skogskonflikter, efterfrågan och produktion av bioenergi, sågade trävaror, träbaserade skivor samt slutligen papper, kartong och pappersmassa.
Landscape transformation and restoration
To learn from failures as well as successes is crucial if programmes for landscape transformation and restoration are to succeed. The Nordic model, with stable institutions, markets and clear rules for the actors based on a democratic system, creates a stable ground for the development of a successful tenure system.
Material previously unavailable
This report describes the tenure development in Sweden during the last 500 years, using mainly Swedish-language material previously unavailable to an international readership. The aim is to identify different actors and stages of the development, using possession rights and non-exclusive user rights as a point of departure.
Lessons learned from a dramatic transition
It is clear that private ownership of forest is a contributing factor to the success of the Nordic forestry model. A closer look reveals a partly dramatic transition from the tenure forms of traditional society into present-day forms – and today the ownership model is again contested. Once secure in their tenure, the peasants started exploiting the now valuable timber resource, and later, more reluctantly, began to employ modern management methods in spite of the extremely long investment horizon in northern silviculture.
Syftet med rapporten var att beskriva a) vad i utvecklingen i Bai bang som lett till att få konflikter har uppstått samt b) att diskutera vilka framtida utmaningar som finns för att ett framgångsrikt brukandesystem ska kunna bibehållas. Projektarbetet är skrivet av studenter från Skogsindustriell ekonomi i Uppsala.
FOREST PLANPLANTATIONS AND WOODLOTS IN EASTERN AND NORTH EASTERN AFRICAN COUNTRIES – A regional overview
The purpose of the study was to analyse and report on the current status, challenges, opportunities and options for developing, as well as ensuring better management of, existing forest plantations and woodlots in the region. Another purpose has been to highlight the potential of the forest plantations and woodlots sub-sector to become an attractive option for both the public and private sector investments, including to individual farmers. Other aspects which, in various ways, influence sustainable forest management (SFM) were also studied. These include forest and tree tenure, incentives, wood supply and demand, forest royalties and other revenues, processing of produce and socio-economic and environmental contributions of forests. It is hoped that the information contained in this report will be useful for effective planning of future interventions geared towards better and sustainable management of forest plantations and woodlots in the study region.