The Think tank for International Forestry Issues
THE ROLE OF FORESTS IN ENSURING SUSTAINABLE PRODUCTION AND CONSUMPTION From drinking a glass of water to building a house, forests are precious resources for people’s lives and are key to solving many global challenges, including the climate crisis and … Läs mer
Governments’ planned fossil fuel production remains dangerously out of sync with Paris Agreement limits. As countries set net-zero emission targets, and increase their climate ambitions under the Paris Agreement, they have not explicitly recognized or planned for the rapid reduction … Läs mer
Reports about the forest cover shows that the truth can be explained in many ways. This report clears up the confusion.
The World Forest Inventories were started by FAO in 1948. The information has been mainly based on questionnaires through close co-operation with countries. Since the 1980s, deforestation has received the most attention in the Forest Resources Assessment (FRA). From early on, many in the US argued that FRA should be based on remote sensing (or rather information from NASA). Nowadays, the World Resources Institute (WRI) is the main proponent of this view.
The 2015 Forest Resources Assessment (FRA2015) reported a net deforestation of 3.3 million ha/year. In contrast, a couple of years later, WRI reported a loss of 25 million ha/year, based on Landsat satellites. Many ENGOs were very pleased with this information! However, it should be clarified that WRI did not report about forest but about all tree-covered land. This means that the data included parks and oil palm plantations, but not open forests and forests under regeneration. It should also be pointed out that the data on loss includes clear-cuts in tree-covered areas, apple plantations cleared for regeneration, and areas killed by fires, insects, and storms, in addition to traditional deforestation as a result of change of land use. WRI aims to estimate the level of regeneration, but this information cannot be collected with the help of Landsat satellites.
Learn more about this situation and get clarifications by reading the report The Global Forest and Tree-Cover Situation in 2020 – Facts, Myths, Lies & White Lies, by Reidar Persson.
New expectations and needs challenge the forest sector as a whole to reform and, at the same time, offer new opportunities for increasing the total welfare gained from forests.
The ongoing changes to the operating environment will permanently increase demand for sustainably produced forest-based products and services. The solutions provided by forests will promote society’s transition from the use of fossil materials and energy to renewable materials and energy.